rosefox: A cheerful chef made out of ginger. (cooking)
[personal profile] rosefox
Note 1: This meal requires a lot of clean-up, including serious scrubbing.

Note 2: Deep-frying is dangerous. Wear long sleeves (cotton, not anything flammable or meltable), long pants, and socks. Make liberal use of long-handled spoons and oven mitts. Only one person should be doing anything with the fry pot at any given time. Do not fuck around with hot oil. The recipe is listed as "hard" only because deep-frying is best attempted by experienced cooks.

Note 3: This version of the dish is very mild, and it omits the traditional dried chili peppers. If you prefer it spicy, add dried chili peppers instead of black pepper in step 4. This version also omits dried orange peel, which is traditional but hard to find. With GF soy sauce, it is gluten-free.

Note 4: This is based on Bee Yinn Low's recipe in the cookbook Easy Chinese Recipes. Low has an updated recipe on her website that calls for marinating the chicken in marmalade, coating it in a flour-based batter, and putting orange zest in the sauce. That sounds cool! But it is not this recipe, and no attempt has been made to combine the two.

Ingredients

Meat
2.5 lb skinless boneless chicken meat (white or dark)
1 cup cornstarch, divided into four quarter-cups

Veg
4 heads broccoli, chopped

Sauce
0.75 cup sugar
2 Tbsp cornstarch
1 cup orange juice, fresh-squeezed or Tropicana not-from-concentrate, any pulp strained out
0.5 cup soy sauce
2 Tbsp rice wine
2 Tbsp rice vinegar
2 tsp sesame oil

Cooking
1 gallon canola oil
1 tsp chopped garlic, or 1 garlic clove
Freshly ground black pepper

Rice
2 cups rice
4 cups water

Equipment

Mixing bowls
Measuring cups and spoons
Whisk
Cutting boards
Chef's knife
Vegetable knife
Strainers
Nitrile gloves
Medium pot with lid
Large pot with metal steamer basket
Small nonstick pot
Large pan or wok
Stove (3 burners)
Deep-fry thermometer
Rice cooker
Wooden spoons
Slotted spoon
Large plates or platters, or a baking sheet
Paper towels
Two half-gallon jars
Small strainer

Steps

0) Mise en place. Have all your ingredients handy and measured. Pour the gallon of oil into the large pot, attach the thermometer, and start it heating over high heat. Put enough water in the medium pot to cook the broccoli, put the lid on the pot, and start it heating over high heat. Put the rice and water in the rice cooker and start it cooking. Cut up the chicken into bite-size chunks and divide it evenly into four batches, each in a separate bowl. Wash and cut up the broccoli. Cover two large plates or platters, or one large baking sheet, with two layers of paper towel.

1) Make the sauce. Whisk the sugar and cornstarch together, then add the rest of the sauce ingredients. Pour the sauce into a nonstick pot and simmer it over medium heat until it starts to thicken; then remove it from the heat but leave it in the pot.

2) Cook the broccoli. When the water boils, put the broccoli in it and cook for 2 to 3 minutes or until just barely cooked. Immediately drain the broccoli and set it aside.

3) Deep-fry the chicken. When the oil reaches 350F, do the following for each batch of chicken:

a) Add .25 cup cornstarch to the chicken and mix thoroughly with gloved hands, separating all the pieces and making sure they're thoroughly coated. Add more cornstarch if necessary. You want each piece to be separate and pretty dry to the touch.

b) Place the chicken in the metal steamer basket, arranging the pieces in a single layer on the bottom of the basket. Carefully remove the thermometer from the oil and set it aside. Put on oven mitts, stand as far back as possible, and slowly lower the basket into the oil. The oil will foam up a lot; this is normal and fine. Immediately stir the chicken with a wooden spoon to separate the pieces.

c) Fry the chicken until it's golden-brown and fully cooked. Carefully lift the basket out of the oil and gently tap it to shake excess oil off of the chicken. Put the chicken on the paper towels. Return the thermometer to the side of the pot and bring the oil back up to 350F. While it's coming to temp, pat the chicken dry with more paper towels--both the chicken and the oil on it will still be very very hot.

When all four batches have been fried, turn off the heat and carefully move the pot to a back burner to cool.

4) Stir-fry everything together with garlic and pepper(s). Put the heat back on under the sauce and bring it up to a simmer, stirring it frequently to make sure it doesn't scorch. Meanwhile, in a large pan or wok, heat 2 Tbsp of the deep-fry oil over high heat. Add the garlic and fry until fragrant. Grind in some black pepper to taste (or add chilis if you're using them) and fry until fragrant. Put the chicken and broccoli in the pan and stir-fry them briefly until the garlic and pepper(s) are mixed in. When the sauce is quite thick, turn off the heat. By now the rice should be ready.

5) Serve. Put rice in a bowl, add chicken and broccoli, and spoon sauce on top to taste. Eat immediately before the sauce can make the chicken soggy.

6) Store. Store the rice, the chicken and broccoli, and the sauce separately. Combine just before reheating and serving. Everything should keep pretty well in the fridge. Strain the oil into the half-gallon jars and reuse it for future frying.

Sources:
Easy Chinese Recipes by Bee Yin Low. This recipe is mostly adapted from the orange chicken recipe on p. 90.
rosefox: A cheerful chef made out of ginger. (cooking)
[personal profile] rosefox
Ingredients

1 package (1.3 pounds) ground turkey
Italian seasoning
Optional: breadthings (bread, buns, whatever)

Equipment

Mixing bowl
Plastic cutting board
Large nonstick pan
Large lid
Stove (one burner)
Flipper-type spatula
Instant-read thermometer
Optional: toaster oven

Steps

1) Open the package of turkey. Shake enough Italian seasoning over the top of the turkey to cover it with an opaque layer of herbs.

2) Put on gloves and put the turkey into a bowl. Mix the turkey well with hands until the seasoning is evenly incorporated.

3) Heat the pan over medium-high heat. Move the turkey to the cutting board. Divide it into six equal lumps and shape each lump into a thick, round patty.

4) Arrange the patties in the center of the hot pan so that they don't quite touch, and cover them with the lid. The lid should cover the patties completely. Cook for 5 minutes. The patties will get quite puffy and may press against the lid; this is normal and fine. (It comes from the liquid inside the burger expanding into steam in the closed environment.)

4.5) If you plan to toast bread/buns for the burgers, now's a good time to put breadthings in the toaster oven.

5) Carefully remove the lid, tilting it over the pan so that the liquid that collected in the lid will drip into the pan and not all over the stove. Watch out for spattering sizzling liquid. Flip the patties and flatten them slightly with the spatula. Put the lid back on and cook for another 5 minutes.

6) Carefully remove the lid as before, and set it aside. Press the patties gently so that the excess liquid runs out. Verify that they have reached an internal temperature of 165F; if they haven't, cook them uncovered until they do. Serve immediately.

Raw patties can be frozen; cook frozen patties the same way, but for 7 minutes on a side instead of 5. Cooked burgers will keep in the fridge for about 5 days.
rosefox: A cheerful chef made out of ginger. (cooking)
[personal profile] rosefox
Note: Frozen chopped onions may be substituted for the shallot. Measure a shallot-sized quantity by eye, microwave on high for 30 seconds, and drain well.

Ingredients

1 Tbsp + .25 cup olive oil
1 large or 2 small shallots, diced
600g risotto rice
7 cups liquid: chicken broth, vegetable broth, white wine (maximum 1 cup)
1 extra cup liquid if using a pot rather than a pressure cooker
1 pound vegetables, diced or otherwise edible-size; can be fresh, frozen, or a mix of the two
1 cup chopped dense protein (e.g. sauteed mushrooms, scraps of roast chicken, raw ground turkey) or 2 cups chopped dilute protein (e.g. raw mushrooms, which contain a lot of water)
Chopped fresh herbs to garnish (optional)

Equipment

Prep
Cutting board
Knife
Large strainer
Measuring cups
2 large bowls (if following the optional rice-rinsing step)

Cooking
Silicone spoonula or other wide heatproof spoon
Pressure cooker or large pot with a tight-fitting lid
Stove (1 burner)

Steps

0) Mise en place. Measure out the rice, liquid, and oil. Take any frozen veg out of the freezer. Dice the shallot(s). Chop anything that needs chopped. Divide the protein and vegetables into three categories:

A) the shallots, plus anything that needs to be cooked very thoroughly (all raw protein, all very crunchy fresh raw veg)
B) anything that needs to be heated through and can be very soft (cold cooked chicken)
C) anything that cooks very quickly and should still have texture (all frozen veg, greens like spinach that wilt quickly, veg like fresh peas that are good nearly raw)

0.5) If you have time, rinse the rice. Combine the rice and liquid in a large bowl, stir vigorously with your hands or a whisk, and strain into another large bowl. Let the rice sit and drain for at least five minutes, stirring it occasionally to help it drain. This transfers the rice starch into the liquid and lets you toast the rice without losing the creaminess of the starch. It's optional, but makes the risotto extra creamy.

1) Pre-cook group A. Put 1 Tbsp oil in the pot and flick in a few drops of water. Heat over medium heat until the water sizzles. Cook everything in group A until all raw meat is cooked through and all cooking liquid has evaporated (if there's a lot of liquid, increase the heat to cook it off faster; just remember to decrease it again when you're done). Set aside the cooked ingredients.

2) Toast the rice. Put in the additional .25 cup oil and heat it over high heat. Add the rice and cook for 1 to 2 minutes, until the rice gets a nutty aroma and just barely begins to change color. If a grain of rice pops like popcorn, it's definitely ready.

3) Add the liquid and everything in groups A and B. If you rinsed the rice, give the broth and wine a good stir so the starch isn't all sitting at the bottom. Pour in seven cups of liquid (if you're cooking in a regular pot rather than a pressure cooker, you should have one cup left over) and add everything in group A (which you cooked and set aside in step 1) and group B. Bring to a rapid boil, stirring frequently.

4a) If using the pressure cooker: fasten the pressure cooker lid with the dial pointing to 2. Keep over medium heat--do not increase the heat! If the pressure indicator goes up, immediately turn the heat down as low as possible. Cook for 10 minutes total (not 10 minutes under pressure). Turn the heat off and USE TONGS, from the BACK OF THE DIAL, to turn the dial to "steam". BE VERY CAREFUL. STEAM WILL GUSH OUT OF THE FRONT OF THE DIAL. Once all the steam has been released and the pressure indicator has dropped, remove the lid.

4b) If using a pot: cover the pot and turn the heat down as low as possible. Let simmer 5 minutes. Stir briefly, cover again, and simmer for another 5 minutes. Stir in the remaining cup of liquid.

5) Finish simmering. Increase the heat to medium just until the liquid begins to bubble, then cover the pan and turn the heat all the way down again. Let simmer 5 minutes or until the liquid is mostly absorbed and the rice is almost entirely cooked.

6) Give a final blast of heat. Add everything in group C. Turn the heat up to medium-high and cook uncovered, stirring frequently, until all the liquid is absorbed and the rice is cooked through.

7) Serve and store. Stir in any garnishes. Add salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste. Serve immediately. Risotto keeps in the fridge for a week and reheats well in the microwave. To make risotto cakes, form 3 cups risotto into 8 small patties; whisk 2 eggs in one bowl and put 2 cups of breadcrumbs in another bowl; dip each patty into eggs and then into breadcrumbs. Pan-fry them in hot oil (3 minutes on a side) or bake them on an oiled baking sheet at 350F until golden brown. Risotto cakes can also be frozen, and either baked or fried (carefully! hot oil splatters a lot when you put something frozen in it) without defrosting.

Sources:
http://www.seriouseats.com/recipes/2011/10/how-to-make-perfect-risotto-recipe.html
http://rosefox.dreamwidth.org/1783811.html?format=light
http://www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/Mushroom-Risotto-Cakes-231808
rosefox: A cheerful chef made out of ginger. (cooking)
[personal profile] rosefox
Ingredients:

3 cups risotto rice
7 cups (1.75 boxes) low-sodium vegetable broth
1 cup white wine (you can substitute 1 cup broth if you don't have wine)
.5 cup olive oil
1 lb frozen carrots & peas with no added salt
10 oz fresh shiitake mushrooms, chopped
2 small shallots or 1 large shallot, finely diced
2 garlic cloves, pressed, or 2 tsp chopped garlic
Optional garnishes (fresh herbs, real or fake cheese, etc.)
Salt and freshly ground black pepper

Equipment:

Prep
Cutting board
Knife
Large strainer
Garlic press (if using fresh garlic)
Measuring cups
2 large bowls (if following the optional rice-rinsing step)

Cooking
Silicone spoonula or other wide heatproof spoon
Large skillet with tightly fitting lid
Stove (1 burner)

Steps:

0) Mise en place. Measure out the rice, broth and wine (in one bowl), and oil. Take the peas and carrots out of the freezer. Rinse and chop the mushrooms. Dice the shallot(s). Press the garlic cloves.

0.5) If you have time, rinse the rice. Combine the rice, broth, and wine in a large bowl, stir vigorously with your hands or a whisk, and strain into another large bowl. Let the rice sit and drain for at least five minutes, stirring it occasionally to help it drain. This transfers the rice starch into the broth and lets you toast the rice without losing the creaminess of the starch. It's optional, but makes the risotto extra creamy.

1) Toast the rice. Put the oil in the saucepan and flick in a few drops of water. Heat over medium high heat until the water sizzles. Add the rice and cook, stirring frequently, until the rice has a golden blond color and a nutty aroma.

2) Cook the aromatics and mushrooms. Clear a small section of the pan, tilt the pan to fill that section with oil, and put the garlic and shallot in it. Let them cook in the hot oil for about 30 seconds. Add the mushrooms and cook, stirring occasionally, until all the mushroom liquid has evaporated, about 3–5 minutes.

3) Add the liquid and simmer. If you rinsed the rice, give the broth and wine a good stir so the starch isn't all sitting at the bottom. Pour 7 cups of the broth-and-wine mixture into the pan. Bring to a simmer, cover with the lid, and turn the heat down as low as possible. Let simmer 10 minutes. Stir briefly, cover again, and let simmer another 5 minutes.

4) Cook the vegetables. Stir in the remaining cup of liquid and the frozen peas and carrots. Increase the heat to medium just until the liquid begins to bubble, then cover the pan and turn the heat all the way down again. Let simmer 5 minutes or until the liquid is mostly absorbed and the rice is almost entirely cooked.

5) Give a final blast of heat. Uncover the pan, turn the heat up to medium-high, and cook, stirring frequently, until all the liquid is absorbed and the rice is cooked through.

6) Garnish. Stir in any garnishes. Add salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste. Serve immediately.

7) Enjoy the leftovers. Risotto keeps in the fridge for a week and reheats well in the microwave. To make risotto cakes, form 3 cups risotto into 8 small patties; whisk 2 eggs in one bowl and put 2 cups of breadcrumbs in another bowl; dip each patty into eggs and then into breadcrumbs. Pan-fry them in hot oil (3 minutes on a side) or bake them on an oiled baking sheet at 350F until golden brown. Risotto cakes can also be frozen, and either baked or fried (carefully! hot oil splatters a lot when you put something frozen in it) without defrosting.

Sources:
http://www.seriouseats.com/recipes/2011/10/how-to-make-perfect-risotto-recipe.html
http://rosefox.dreamwidth.org/1783811.html?format=light
http://www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/Mushroom-Risotto-Cakes-231808

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